Now, starts the composition of the Shastra
, named Moksha Marg Prakashak
Its meaningfulness is being discussed.
In this world-forest all Jivas
(mundane beings) are suffering from different
kinds of miseries caused due to karmic
bondage and darkness of delusion is
pervading everywhere because of which the Jivas
are not able to find the path
of liberation, rather continue suffering from the miseries tormentedly.
As an instrumental cause of benefaction of all such Jivas
dawned the sun in
the form of Tirthankar Kewali Bhagwan
(omniscient Lord) and through the rays
of his Divya-Dhwani
(divine speech) the path of liberation got illuminated.
As the sun has no intention to illuminate the path but automatically its rays are
spread out and the path gets illuminated. Similarly, the Kewali
Lord) is devoid of attachment, so He has no intention to show the path of liberation,
but automatically due to rise of Aghati-Karmas
the matter particles of his body turn into Divya-Dhwani
through which the path of liberation is illuminated.
Further, the Ganadhara Devas
thought that after the setting of the
omniscient-sun how could Jivas
obtain the liberation-path (Moksha Marg)
and without treading on liberation-path, the Jivas
will continue suffering
from miseries; this compassionate feeling encouraged them to compose the
in the forms of Anga-Prakeernaka
etc. These served as great
lamps which spread the light.
Further, as the tradition of lamps continues by lighting the lamp from the (other)
lamp, similarly some Acharyas.
(chief saints) composed other Shastras
from those Shastras.
Thus through the creation of Shastras
tradition of Shastras
continues. This Shastra
is also being composed
on the basis of previous Shastras.
Further, as the sun and all lamps illuminate the path in the same manner, similarly,
and all Shastras
illuminate the liberation-path
in the same way. So, this Shastra
too illuminates the
liberation-path. And as even on illuminating the path, the persons, who are either
without eyes or have diseased eyes, are not able to see the path but the lamp has
not lost the power of illuminating the path, similarly, on illuminating (the
liberation-path) the Jivas
who are either without mind (irrational beings)
or are over-powered by delusion, etc. are not able to see the path of liberation
thereby it can not be said that the Shastra
has lost the power of
illuminating the liberation-path. In this way, the meaningful name of Moksha
Marg Prakashak Shastra
: There already existed Shastras
why then you are composing this new Shastra
: As the illumination of big lamps is possible by means of much
quantity of oil, etc. but those who do not have much quantity of oil, for them if a
small lamps is lighted then they, by maintaining its means, can do their work in
its illumination. Similarly, understanding of big Shastras
through the means of vast knowledge, etc. but those who do not have vast knowledge,
for them if a small Shastra
(treatise) is composed then, by means of it, they
may achieve their objective. This is the aim of composing this small and easy
Further, this Shartra
is being composed neither for self-exaltation under
passion nor for fulfilling some greed, or for earning name and fame or for
establishing my own tradition. Those who do not possess the knowledge of grammar,
and distinctive meaning of the words, due to which they
cannot study big Shastras
and even if they study some small Shastras
then they can not comprehend the true meaning, as such in the present time most of
have feeble knowledge; for their benefaction, this Shastra
is being composed with pious instinct in the spoken language.
Further, as if a Chintamani
- a miraculous and precious diamond, is offered
to an extremely pauper for looking at it but he refuses to even look at it and as if
a cup of nectar is offered to a leper for drinking, but he refuses to drink it,
similarly if a mundane miserable Jiva
gets an opportunity to listen to an
easy discourse on path of liberation but he refuses to pay attention to it, then it
is not possible for us to describe the glory of his misfortune. When we ponder over
his future a compassionate feeling arises in us. Also it is said that :-
who even on getting the company of self-dependent discourser
(preceptor) do not listen to religious sermons, are haughty and possess
cruel heart or they are devoid of fear of transmigration from which great personages
etc. were afraid; they seem to be very brave warriors.
also there is a chapter on Moksha Marga
knowledge of scripture has been advocated as worth adopting (Upadeya
So, the prime duty of this Jiva
is to attain knowledge of scripture. By its
attainment the true belief of Tattvas (Jiva, Ajiva
etc. realities) gets
evolved and on attainment of right belief of Tattvas
gets evolved. And on the basis of this knowledge of
scriptures even self-realisation materialises; then on its own, the attainment of
liberation takes place.
Further there are various components of religion; in them, excepting Dhyana
(meditation) there is no other components of religion higher than study of
scriptures. Therefore, one should study scriptures by making all possible efforts.
Further, reading, listening and pondering over this Shastra
is very easy,
even knowledge of grammar, etc. is not necessary. Therefore, all should essentially
study this book. The readers are bound to achieve spiritual welfare.
Thus ends the first Chapter dealing with introductory part of Shri Moksha Marg