JIVA'S CONDITION DUE TO THE RISE OF CHARITRA MOHA
When Jiva indulges in passions due to the rise of Charitra-Moha (conduct-deluding Karma), then even knowingly and seeingly involves himself in anger, etc, believing the other objects beneficial and harmful.
Due to the rise of anger passion, believing other objects to be harmful, the Jiva wishes ill (evil) of them. When some temple, etc. inanimate objects appear to be disagreeable then he wants to damage them by way of breaking and destroying, etc. and when the foes etc. animate objects appear to be bad then he wishes evil of them by inflicting pain through killing, chaining or beating, etc. And if he himself or the other living and non-living objects get modified in some form which he does not like then he wishes ill of that modification by turning it into other form.
Thus the desire of wishing ill of others is caused due to (the rise of) anger-passion but its harm depends on destiny.
And on rise of pride-passion, believing other object to be harmful, he desires to undermine it and desires to extol himself. Due to the feeling of dislike and disrespect in excreta-dust, etc., inanimate objects, he desires these to remain inferior and self to remain superior. And by bending and keeping under his control, he wishes other people, etc., animate substances, to remain inferior and self to remain superior. And for establishing one's own superiority in the world by decorating the body and spending money and other such acts, he desires others to remain inferior and himself to become superior. And if someone performs more commendable act in com-parison to his own act then he tries to prove it inferior through some means and wants to show his inferior act as superior.
Thus owing to pride-passion, the desire to establish one's own superiority arises, but achieving superiority depends on destiny.
And on rise of deceit-passion, believing other object to be benefi-cial, he desires to achieve it through various fraudulent ways. He indulges in various types of frauds for obtaining jewels, gold, etc. inanimate things and for acquiring women, male-female servants, etc., animate objects. For the purpose of cheating, he assumes different poses and changes the conditions of other animate and inanimate objects. Through such forms of deception he wants to accomplish his goal.
Thus owing to the deceit-passion, one commits fraud for the accomplishment of one's goal but accomplishment of cherished goal depends on destiny.
And on rise of greed-passion, believing other objects to be beneficial, he desires to obtain them. The avarice of cloths, orna-ments, wealth & grains, etc., inanimate objects, is induced and avarice of wife, sons, etc. animate objects is induced. Further, believing some particular modification to be beneficial to self or to other animate-inanimate objects, he wants to change them into that form or modification.
Thus owing to greed-passion, the desire of obtaining beneficial objects is induced but obtaining beneficial objects depends on destiny.
Thus due to rise of anger, etc. passions, the soul undergoes (alien) modifications.
These passions (Kashayas) are of four kinds:
1. Anantanubandhi- (Intensest type ofanger, pride, deceit & greed-passions).
2. Apratyakhyanavarana- (Intenser type of passions).
3. Pratyakhyanavarana- (Intense type of passions).
4. Samjwalana- (mild-gleaming passion).
The passions on rise of which Samyaktva (right belief) and Swaroopacharana charitra (self-absorption conduct) can not be evolved in the soul, are called Anantanubandhi Kashayas. Those passions, on rise of which the partial right conduct (Desha-Charitra) is not evolved, and even partial abstinence can not be observed, are called Apratyakhyanavarana kashayas. And those passions on rise of which complete right conduct (sakal-charitra) is not evolved and complete abstinence can not be observed, are called Pratyakhyanavarana Kashayas. And those passions on rise of which transgressions continue evolving in Sakal-charitra and hence perfect conduct (Yathakhyata-charitra) can not be evolved, are called Samjwalana Kashayas.
In beginningless mundane existence (of Jivas), continuous rise of all these four passions is found. There, when the passion is intense in the form of Krishna-Leshya (black thought-colouration) and when the passion is feeble in the form of Shukla-Leshya (white thought-colouration) an incessant rise of all those four passions is found existing in both the conditions. Because the divisions of Anantanubandhi, etc. passions are not from the viewpoint of their being intense or feeble but are from the viewpoint of obliterating Samyaktva (right belief), etc. On intense rise of fruition of those Karmic species, intense anger, etc (alien dispositions) are caused and on feeble rise of fruition (of these species of Karmas) feeble anger, etc. are caused.
Further, on attaining the right path of liberation, the rise of last three, two and one species out of these four kinds (of conduct-deluding Karma) is found and afterwards all the four get destroyed in the end.
Further, out of anger, etc. four passions, the rise of only one passsion is found in one unit of time. Also these passions have mutual cause and effect relationship. Anger turns into pride, etc. pride turns into anger, etc; that is why sometimes the difference is recognised and sometimes it is not recognised. This is to be known as the passional form of modification.
Further, owing to the rise of Charitra-Moha only the quasi-passions (No-kashayas) are caused; there, due to rise of laughter (Hasya) passion, believing some object beneficial, one becomes cheerful and feels happy. And due to rise of 'Liking' (Rati) passion, believing something good, one makes love with it & gets attached therein. And due to rise of 'disliking' (Arati) passion, believing something harmful, one feels aversion & becomes desperate. And due to rise of 'sorrow' (shoka) passion, believing something harmful, one feels dejected, feels sorry. And due to rise of fear (Bhaya) passion, believing some object harmful, one feels afraid of it & does not like its association. And due to rise of 'disgust' (Jugupsa) passion, believing some object harmful, one hates it & wants to get rid of it.
Thus, one should know these laughter (Hasya), etc. six quasi-passions. And due to rise of sex-passions, the feeling or desire of co-habitation is caused. There, due to rise of 'female' sex-passion, the desire of cohabiting with man is caused and due to rise of 'male-sex' passion, the desire of cohabiting with woman is caused and due to rise of neuter sex-passion the desire of cohabiting with both man and woman is caused.
Thus, these are the nine types of No Kashayas (quasi-passions). These are not so strong as anger, etc; that is why these are termed as Ishat (quasi). Here the word 'No' is to be known synonym of lshat. The rise of these quasi-passions is found along with those anger, etc. passions as per their rise.
In this way, due to rise of Moha (deluding karma) perverse belief and passions (alien dispositions) are caused and these (alien-dispositions) alone are the root cause of Samsara (transmigration). Because of these passions only the Jiva is unhappy at present and these only are the causes of future Karmic bondage also. The name of these very passions is also Raaga (attachment)- Dwesha (aversion), Moha (delusion).
There, the name of Mithyatva (perverse belief) is Moha because there is absence of advertance (about the self-soul). Further the name of deceit, greed passions and laughter, liking and three kinds of sex-passions is Raaga (attachment), because love (affinity) is found there with agreeable feeling. And the name of anger, pride passions and disliking, sorrow, fear, disgust is 'Dwesha' (aversion), because hatred (ill-will) is found there with disagreeable feeling. And in general the name of all kinds ofpassions and quasi-passions is Moha (delusion), because in all these passions inadvertance is found all everywhere.In this way, due to rise of Moha (deluding karma) perverse belief and passions (alien dispositions) are caused and these (alien-dispositions) alone are the root cause of Samsara (transmigration). Because of these passions only the Jiva is unhappy at present and these only are the causes of future Karmic bondage also. The name of these very passions is also Raaga (attachment)- Dwesha (aversion), Moha (delusion).