CHARACTERISTICS OF LISTENERS
Now the characteristics of a listener are being described. He whose future seems to
be bright thinks 'Who am I? What is my inherent nature? How is this all happening to
me? What will be the fruit of the thoughts and feelings arising in me? Jiva
(the self) is suffering from miseries, so what is the means of ending the miseries?
I have to find out the solution of all these questions and should do that which is
beneficial to me" - with such thoughts he has become active. Believing that this
object can be achieved by listening to Shastras listens to Shastras
enthusiastically, asks whatever is to be asked, ponders repeatedly in his innerself
over the meaning explained by the preceptors and after determining the true meaning
by his own thoughts makes efforts to achieve the desirable - such is the differentia
of a new listener.
Further, those who are the firm believers of Jina-Dharma and whose intellect
has been sharpened by listening to different Shastras and having known thoroughly
well the differentia of Vyavahara (conventional) and Nishchaya
(realistic) stand points, etc. whatever sermon they listen to grasp it correctly by
knowing what it really means; and whenever a question arises they most humbly raise
the question or by mutual discussion on different questions and answers take
decision ahout the things, keep deeply engrossed in the study of scripture, have
discarded censurable acts with religious attitude.
- Such ought to be the listeners of Shastras.